State-of-the-art report on theories and harmonised concepts of corruption

Type: · Author(s): Bo Rothstein · Published:
Corruption is what in the social sciences is known as an “essentially contested concept”. From the perspective of stating in empirical research of what constitute successful anti-corruption policies, this is certainly a problem. However, it should be underlined that the concept of corruption shares this problem with many, if not most, central concepts in the social […] Read More

Corruption: an umbrella concept

Type: · Author(s): Aiysha Varraich · Published:
Research on corruption has grown exponentially in the past decade. An unfortunate development has been the mingling of the concept of corruption with related issues raising the spectre of “collective conceptual confusion” (Sartori, 1970). This paper recasts the concept of corruption as an umbrella concept highlighting the family resemblance structure between corruption, clientelism, patronage, patrimonialism and state capture. This transposes corruption to a category that can fit many cases reasonably well, but as Wittgenstein points out “on close examination it can become clear that for most cases the fit is not perfect.” This approach expounds each of the adjacent concepts in their own right, simultaneously elaborating on the spaces they share with corruption. This not only clarifies a set of commonalities, that are analytically important (Collier and Mahon 1993), but also explains the survival of the implicit understanding of these concepts as corruption thus far. Read More

Volume 2: The Anticorruption Frontline

Type: · Author(s): Alina Mungiu-Pippidi (editor). Contributions by Alessandro Bozzini, Mihály Fazekas, Jana Gutierréz Chvalkovská, Lina Khatib, Lawrence Peter King, Alina Mungiu-Pippidi, Jirí Skuhrovec, Ruslan Stefanov, Alexander Stoyanov, István János Tóth, Boryana Velcheva, Andrew Wilson · Published:
From Turkey to Egypt, Bulgaria to Ukraine, and Brazil to India, we witness the rise of an angry urban middle class protesting against what they see as fundamental corruption of their political regimes, perceived as predatory and inefficient. Corruption is near the top of all global protesters’ list of grievances – from the Occupy movement to the […] Read More

Bribery in Preindustrial Societies: Understanding the Universalism-Particularism Puzzle

Type: · Author(s): Bo Rothstein and Davide Torsello · Published:
This paper investigates how ideas and sociocultural preferences with regard to “public” versus “private” spheres can account for bribery and corruption. An improved understanding of corruption in terms of differences among cultures concerning which goods are considered private or public not only can have new and unexpected implications for a general theory on this phenomenon, […] Read More

Volume 1: Controlling Corruption in Europe

Type: · Author(s): Alina Mungiu-Pippidi (editor). Contributions by Roxana Bratu, Nicholas Charron, Valentina Dimulescu, Madalina Doroftei, Mihály Fazekas, Aare Kasemets, Lawrence Peter King, Roberto Martínez B. Kukutschka, Raluca Pop, István János Tóth · Published:
The first volume of the Anticorruption Report series provides a comprehensive analysis of causes and consequences of corruption in three European regions, presenting corruption risks for several European countries and concrete policy recommendations on how to effectively address those risks. Read More

Defining and Measuring Quality of Government

Type: · Author(s): Rothstein, Bo; Teorell, Jan · Published:
How can Quality of Government (QoG) be defined and conceptualized for research. In this chapter, a procedural definition based on the notion of impartiality in the exercise of public power is put forward. It is argued that this definition has several advantages compared to other definitions of “corruption” and ” good governance”. In addition, we […] Read More

Anti-Corruption: The Indirect “Big-Bang” Approach

Type: · Author(s): Rothstein, Bo · Published:
In policies for economic development, anti-corruption measures have received increased attention. The policy advice from the international “good governance regime”, which is based on the principal-agent theory, is geared towards incremental change that will set in motion a “virtues circle”. It is argued that this theory and the following incremental policy approach is dysfunctional for […] Read More