This report, focusing the link between gender and corruption in Europe, gives an overview of theoretical debates on the role of the gender perspective and adds new knowledge through a number of cross-country comparative studies and case-studies at the subnational level. Readers are guided through important findings in international research following the initial studies in the field. Empirical results from Europe are presented focusing (a) gender gaps in relation to corruption at the citizen level and (b) the link between gender and corruption at the elite level of society. The picture that emerges is complex: Yes, gender matters for aspects such as tolerance for corruption, but the size of the gender gap, with women being more restrictive than men, varies across Europe. Moreover, the link between gender and corruption at the elite level of society is affected by norms and cultures of various government institutions. Therefore, increasing the proportion of women in positions of power is no “quick fix” for corruption but, taken together, the results in this report indicate that a strengthened position of women in public life may actually set desired developments in motion.